|Place of origin||Soviet Union|
|Used by||Soviet Union|
|Wars||Warsaw Pact invasion of Czechoslovakia|
|Designer||Astrov Design Bureau|
|Mass||15.5 tonnes (34,171 lb)|
|Length||8.49 m (27 ft 10 in)|
|Width||2.80 m (9 ft 2 in)|
|Height||2.10 m (6 ft 11 in)|
|85 mm main gun D-70 (2A15)|
|1× 7.62 mm PKT or SGMT coaxial machine gun|
|Engine||YaMZ-206V 6 cylinder inline water-cooled diesel engine|
210 hp (154 kW)
|Fuel capacity||400 l|
|230 km (161 mi)|
|Maximum speed||45 km/h (28 mph)|
This is a subreddit for War Thunder, a cross platform vehicular combat MMO developed by Gaijin Entertainment for Microsoft Windows, macOS, Linux, PlayStation 4, and Xbox One. The game is based around combined arms battles on air, land, and sea with vehicles from the Spanish Civil War to today. May 23, 2016 In the game, the ASU-85 takes the role of a light and mobile support SPG: Although the 85mm cannon has an ammo complement of just 39 rounds, it can fire with improved post-war ammunition. The vehicle’s small dimensions and low profile are its main advantages in laying an ambush. ASU-85 ^ Dywizja Powietrzno Desantowa. Tank Armor War Thunder Armored Fighting Vehicle Battle Tank World Of Tanks Military Equipment Military Weapons Modern.
The ASU-85 (Russian: Авиадесантная самоходная установка, АСУ-85, romanized: Aviadesantnaya Samokhodnaya Ustanovka, ASU-85 – airborne self-propelled mount) is a Soviet-designed airborneself-propelled gun of the Cold War era. From 1959, it began to replace the open-topped ASU-57 in service. It was, in turn, replaced by the BMD-1 beginning in 1969.
Development of a new assault gun for the armed forces started at the OKB-40 design bureau of the Mytishchi Machine Building Plant (MMZ), under the supervision of chief designer Nikolaj Aleksandrovich Astrov. The first Ob'yekt 573 prototype was ready for factory tests in the second half of 1953. This first vehicle was followed by a small batch of three improved vehicles that were evaluated by the armed forces in 1956–1957. The improved vehicles were powered by a new, horizontal six cylinder diesel engine, the YaMZ-206V, instead of the original V-6 of the PT-76. In 1958, the order to start series production of the SU-85—as it was initially known (although there was already a vehicle with that same name, based on the T-34)—was given. However, as a result of an order from the Ministry of Defense to add an armoured roof (the initial vehicles were still open-topped), series production could only begin in 1961. By then, the configuration was already out of date and in the second half of the 1960s, the VDV became the main operator of the SU-85 and renamed it the ASU-85.
The ASU-85 is based on the PT-76tankchassis, but without the amphibious capabilities and fitted with a new engine. The vehicle has three compartments: the driver's in front, the combat compartment in the center, and the engine compartment at the rear.
The armament consists of a D-70 (2A15) 85 mm gun, derived from F.F. Petrov's D-48. The L/67 ordnance has a total weight of 1,865 kg and an elevation range from −4.50° to +15°. Traverse is 15° either side. The D-70 fires the same ammunition as the D-48 (3BK-7 HEAT, BR-372 HVAP-T and OF-372 HE), the combat load is 45 rounds. The gun has an effective range of 1,150 m and a maximum range of 10 km. It can penetrate 192 mm (7.6 in) of steel armor from an angle of 60° at a maximum distance of 1 km. The coaxial machine gun is either the SGMT or the PKT with a combat load of 2,000 rounds.
Both the main gun and the coaxial machine gun are aimed by means of the TShK-2-79 sight. For nighttime fire, the TPN1-79-11 sight is used in combination with the L-2 IR searchlight. Indirect fire is conducted with the help of the S-71-79 and PG-1 sights. Furthermore, the commander is provided with two observation devices; TNPK-20 (day) and TKN-1T (night).
All ASU-85s were provided with an R-113 radio and an R-120 intercom system. In the early 1970s, some vehicles were fitted with a DShK-M 12.7mm heavy machine gun with 600 rounds. These vehicles had a reduced combat load of 39 main gun rounds and received the NATO designator ASU-85 M1974. The original designation was SU-85M or ASU-85M. The ASU-85 could also be equipped with smoke generators BDSh-5.
The Soviet Airborne Forces used the ASU-85 in airborne operations. Its primary role was light infantry support or assault, with limited anti-tank capability. Each airborne division had one assault gun battalion with 31 ASU-85. The Polish 6th Pomeranian Airborne Division (Polish: 6 Pomorska Dywizja Powietrzno-Desantowa) had an equal number.
Airborne use of the ASU-85 became possible with the introduction of the Mi-6 and Mi-10 helicopters and high-capacity multi-chute and retro-rocket systems for fixed wing-drops. It was first observed by NATO in 1962, and was widely used by Soviet and Polish airborne units.
During the Soviet–Afghan War, Soviet Airborne troops used ASU-85s in combat.
In early 2016, Vietnam expressed interest in an upgrade package for the ASU-85 that includes more powerful powerpack that increases road speed from 45 to 60 km/h (28 to 37 mph) and cruising range from 400 to 450 km (250 to 280 mi).
There are no variants of the ASU-85, but its chassis served as the basis for other designs, such as the GM-575 chassis of the ZSU-23-4 'Shilka' and the GM-568 and GM-578 chassis' of the 2P25 launch vehicle and 1S91 radar vehicle of the 2K12 'Kub' system.
- Ludowe Wojsko Polskie received 31 ASU-85s in 1966. All were assigned to the 35th Self-propelled Artillery Squadron (Polish: 35. Dywizjon Artylerii Samobieżnej) of 6th Pomeranian Airborne Division (Polish: 6. Pomorska Dywizja Powietrzno-Desantowa) in Kraków. All were withdrawn in 1976 and unit was disbanded.
- Soviet Union
- Soviet Army operated ASU-85 in airborne divisions of Soviet Airborne Forces, all SPGs were withdrawn from use.
Asu 85 War Thunder Gear
- Polish Army Museum in Warsaw – tactical number 1601, on display at the Museum of Polish Military Technology;
- Artillery Museum in Toruń
- White Eagle Museum in Skarżysko-Kamienna – tactical number 9011,
- Polish Arms Museum in Kołobrzeg,
- Armoured Weapons Museum in Poznań
- Military Museum in Suwałki.
- Kubinka Tank Museum – tactical number 057
- Monument in Omsk
- Two monuments on a military site in Pskov
- Museum of Military Equipment in the Park of Peace in Kremenchuk
- Monument in Tarutyne – tactical number 328
- ^hợp), Phong Vũ (Tổng (13 September 2019). 'Ảnh hiếm về pháo tự hành ASU-85 Việt Nam trong Chiến tranh biên giới phía Bắc - Doanh nghiệp Việt Nam'. Cơ quan ngôn luận của hiệp hội doanh nghiệp nhỏ và vừa Việt Nam (in Vietnamese). Retrieved 18 September 2020.
- ^Tanks and armored fighting vehicles : visual encyclopedia. New York, N.Y.: Chartwell Books. 2012. p. 286. ISBN9780785829263. OCLC785874088.
- ^ abVietnamese army back into service the old Soviet-made ASU-85 self-propelled anti-tank gun - Armyrecognition.com, 24 April 2016
- ^Fisher, Richard (21 April 2016). 'DSA 2016: Vietnam may update Soviet era ASU-85s'. IHS Jane's 360. Kuala Lumpur: IHS Jane's. Retrieved 21 April 2016.
- ^'Militarne Podróże'. Archived from the original on 3 March 2016. Retrieved 9 March 2012.
Asu 85 War Thunder Aircraft
- Gunston B., 'Army Weapons', in: Bonds R. (ed.), Soviet War Power, (Corgi 1982), p. 203-204
- Zaloga, Steven J., Hull, Andrew W. and Markov, David R. (1999). Soviet/Russian Armor and Artillery Design Practices: 1945 to Present. Darlington Productions. ISBN1-892848-01-5
- Solyankin, A.G, Zheltov, I.G and Kudryashov, K.N. (2010). Otechestvenniye Bronirovanniye Mashiny - XX Vek, Tom 3: 1946-1965, 'Tsejkhgauz'. ISBN978-5-9771-0106-6.
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The USSR light tank tech tree currently ends with the post-war PT-76. We present the ASU-85, which will take it's rightful place after the PT-76 in the tree and become a top tank at rank IV. What is the ASU-85?
The ASU, or aviadesantnaya samokhodnaya ustanovka (air-landing self-propelled gun), armed with an 85mm cannon, was developed in the post-war Soviet Union as a vehicle for Soviet airborne landing troops. It was intended to be air-dropped and reinforce infantry in offense or defense with its powerful artillery fire directly on the battlefield. This SPG was the logical successor to the ASU-57, and from 1959, it replaced its predecessor in the forces.
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Light, small and agile
The ASU-85 is based on the PT-76 amphibious tank already familiar to our players. To reduce its dimensions and increase its compactness, the ASU-85 received no rotating turret. Its powerful cannon was installed directly in the hull. Outwardly, this makes the ASU similar to other classic self-propelled guns, reduces its profile, allows its crew to work in more comfortable conditions and speeds up the cannon reload time. Obviously, the SPG had to be made as light as possible for airborne transportation and landing. Because of this, it was decided in the design phase not to give it thick armour. As a result, its armour is quite light (45 mm maximum at the front), although it is placed at a high angle on the frontal hull.
In the game, the ASU-85 takes the role of a light and mobile support SPG: Although the 85mm cannon has an ammo complement of just 39 rounds, it can fire with improved post-war ammunition. The vehicle’s small dimensions and low profile are its main advantages in laying an ambush. Quickly capturing an enemy point and lying in wait, or simply ambushing the target in one direction and then change position quickly – this is the style that perfectly suits all owners of this SPG. The important thing is to always take the first shot and don’t get shot in return. If you learn to fire accurately and quickly, and then don’t hang around, you’ll get along just fine with the ASU-85.
This air-landing self-propelled gun will arrive in the game soon
Keep an eye on the news!
Asu 85 War Thunder Logo
Upcoming vehicles for Update 1.59 'Flaming Arrows' :