Deploying Django with Apache and mod_wsgi is a tried and tested way to getDjango into production.
mod_wsgi is an Apache module which can host any Python WSGI application,including Django. Django will work with any version of Apache which supportsmod_wsgi.
- How to use Django with Apache and modwsgi ¶ Deploying Django with Apache and modwsgi is a tried and tested way to get Django into production. Modwsgi is an Apache module which can host any Python WSGI application, including Django. Django will work with any version of Apache which supports modwsgi.
- Mysqlclient is the Python interface for MySQL Database systems. To connect Django or any other python usable interface with MySQL we need Mysqlclient. We’ll use the pip command to install the mysqlclient package.
- Bus Reservation System is a preety basic system developed in Django,MySQL,Python, which is designed to automate the online ticket purchasing through an easy online bus booking system.With the bus ticket reservation system you can manage/book reservations, clients data and passengers lists through its Django admin and book tickets effortlessly through the Bus reservation Website.
The official mod_wsgi documentation is your source for all the details abouthow to use mod_wsgi. You’ll probably want to start with the installation andconfiguration documentation.
คุณได้กำหนดค่า Django กับ MySQL ในวิธีที่ง่ายมาก. ตอนนี้ดำเนินโครงการ Django ของคุณ: python Manage.py โยกย้าย. หลาม Manage.py Runserver —. Install the following packages in the virtualenv (if you’re using django on virtualenv, which is more preferred): sudo apt-get install libmysqlclient-dev. Pip install MySQL-python. You have configured Django with MySQL in a very easy way. Now run your Django project: python manage.py migrate. Python manage.py runserver.
Once you’ve got mod_wsgi installed and activated, edit your Apache server’shttpd.conf file and add the following.
The first bit in the
WSGIScriptAlias line is the base URL path you want toserve your application at (
/ indicates the root url), and the second is thelocation of a “WSGI file” – see below – on your system, usually inside ofyour project package (
mysite in this example). This tells Apache to serveany request below the given URL using the WSGI application defined in thatfile.
If you install your project’s Python dependencies inside a
virtualenvironment, add the path using
WSGIPythonHome. See the mod_wsgivirtual environment guide for more details.
WSGIPythonPath line ensures that your project package is available forimport on the Python path; in other words, that
<Directory> piece ensures that Apache can access your
Next we’ll need to ensure this
wsgi.py with a WSGI application objectexists. As of Django version 1.4,
startproject will have created onefor you; otherwise, you’ll need to create it. See the WSGI overviewdocumentation for the default contents youshould put in this file, and what else you can add to it.
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If multiple Django sites are run in a single mod_wsgi process, all of themwill use the settings of whichever one happens to run first. This can besolved by changing:
or by using mod_wsgi daemon mode and ensuring that eachsite runs in its own daemon process.
UnicodeEncodeError for file uploads
If you get a
UnicodeEncodeError when uploading files with file namesthat contain non-ASCII characters, make sure Apache is configured to acceptnon-ASCII file names:
A common location to put this configuration is
See the Files section of the Unicode reference guide fordetails.
mod_wsgi daemon mode¶
“Daemon mode” is the recommended mode for running mod_wsgi (on non-Windowsplatforms). To create the required daemon process group and delegate theDjango instance to run in it, you will need to add appropriate
WSGIProcessGroup directives. A further changerequired to the above configuration if you use daemon mode is that you can’tuse
WSGIPythonPath; instead you should use the
python-path option to
WSGIDaemonProcess, for example:
If you want to serve your project in a subdirectory(
https://example.com/mysite in this example), you can add
WSGIScriptAliasto the configuration above:
See the official mod_wsgi documentation for details on setting up daemonmode.
Django doesn’t serve files itself; it leaves that job to whichever Webserver you choose.
We recommend using a separate Web server – i.e., one that’s not also runningDjango – for serving media. Here are some good choices:
- A stripped-down version of Apache
If, however, you have no option but to serve media files on the same Apache
VirtualHost as Django, you can set up Apache to serve some URLs asstatic media, and others using the mod_wsgi interface to Django.
This example sets up Django at the site root, but serves
favicon.ico, and anything in the
/media/ URL space asa static file. All other URLs will be served using mod_wsgi:
Serving the admin files¶
django.contrib.staticfiles is in
INSTALLED_APPS, theDjango development server automatically serves the static files of theadmin app (and any other installed apps). This is however not the case when youuse any other server arrangement. You’re responsible for setting up Apache, orwhichever Web server you’re using, to serve the admin files.
The admin files live in (
django/contrib/admin/static/admin) of theDjango distribution.
We strongly recommend using
django.contrib.staticfiles to handle theadmin files (along with a Web server as outlined in the previous section; thismeans using the
collectstatic management command to collect thestatic files in
STATIC_ROOT, and then configuring your Web server toserve
STATIC_URL), but here are threeother approaches:
- Create a symbolic link to the admin static files from within yourdocument root (this may require
+FollowSymLinksin your Apacheconfiguration).
- Use an
Aliasdirective, as demonstrated above, to alias the appropriateURL (probably
admin/) to the actual location ofthe admin files.
- Copy the admin static files so that they live within your Apachedocument root.
Authenticating against Django’s user database from Apache¶
Django provides a handler to allow Apache to authenticate users directlyagainst Django’s authentication backends. See the mod_wsgi authenticationdocumentation.
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Connector/Python includes a
mysql.connector.django module that provides a Django back end for MySQL. This back end supports new features found as of MySQL 5.6 such as fractional seconds support for temporal data types.
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Django uses a configuration file named
settings.py that contains a variable called
DATABASES (see https://docs.djangoproject.com/en/1.5/ref/settings/#std:setting-DATABASES). To configure Django to use Connector/Python as the MySQL back end, the example found in the Django manual can be used as a basis:
Acronis true image western digital. It is possible to add more connection arguments using
Support for MySQL Features
Django can launch the MySQL client application mysql. When the Connector/Python back end does this, it arranges for the
sql_mode system variable to be set to
TRADITIONAL at startup.
Some MySQL features are enabled depending on the server version. For example, support for fractional seconds precision is enabled when connecting to a server from MySQL 5.6.4 or higher. Django's
DateTimeField is stored in a MySQL column defined as
TimeField is stored as
TIME(6). For more information about fractional seconds support, see Fractional Seconds in Time Values.