Apr 26, 2019 Video Game Master. Apr 26, 2019 4 min. Eve is a game that encourages scamming, abuse, and out right evil action on players. It is in fact, this abuse that sparks articles like this to come. Mar 26, 2021 The game is a pseudo-sequel to the novel Parasite Eve, written by Hideaki Sena, and contains many allusions to its plot and themes. This was SquareSoft’s first M-rated game, and it is fondly. Parasite Eve is the first game in the series, produced by Squaresoft and released in 1998 for the Sony PlayStation. Sena approved of the game, stating that he was 'actually impressed how well the game makers translated the novel.' The game was developed in both America and Japan. It serves as a sequel to the novel.
|Original title||Parasaito Ibu|
|Cover artist||Chip Kidd|
|Genre||Science fiction, Horror novel|
|Publisher||Vertical, Inc., (New York)|
|Media type||Print (Hardback & Paperback)|
Parasite Eve (パラサイト・イヴ, Parasaito Ivu) is a Japanese science fictionhorror novel by Hideaki Sena, first published by Kadokawa in 1995. The book was published in North America by Vertical, Inc. in 2005.
Parasite Eve was adapted into a film and manga series. It was later expanded into three video games; two that serve as sequels to the novel, along with a spin-off third game. The video games have also been adapted into a manga series.
Mitochondria are the 'power house' of biological cells. It is thought that they were originally separate organisms, and a symbiotic relationship between them and early cellular life has evolved into their present position as cell organelles with no independent existence (see endosymbiotic theory).
The novel's plot supposes that mitochondria, which are inherited through the female line of descent, form the dispersed body of an intelligent conscious life-form, dubbed Eve, which has been waiting throughout history and evolution for the right conditions when mitochondrial life can achieve its true potential and take over from eukaryotic life-forms (i.e. humans and similar life) by causing a child to be born that can control its own genetic code.
Eve is able to control people's minds and bodies by signaling to the mitochondria in their bodies. She can cause certain thoughts to occur to them and also make them undergo spontaneous combustion.
The conditions Eve has waited for have arrived; she has found the perfect host in the body of Kiyomi Nagishima. At the start of the book, Eve is the mitochondria in Kiyomi's body. She causes Kiyomi to crash her car; Kiyomi survives but is brain dead. Kiyomi's husband is Toshiaki, a research assistant teaching and researching biological science. Eve influences Toshiaki and a doctor to ensure that one of Kiyomi's kidneys is transplanted into the teenage girl Mariko Anzai as an organ donation. As part of Kiyomi's body, the kidney is also a part of Eve; this prepares Mariko to be a suitable host for giving birth to mitochondrial life, as her immune system would otherwise rebel.
Eve influences Toshiaki to grow some of Kiyomi's liver cells in his lab in sufficient quantities to provide Eve with an independent body, he thinks that he is doing this as an experiment using different cultures of the liver cells. Forming some of the cells into a body, Eve possesses Toshiaki's assistant Sachiko Asakura and intermittently takes control of Asakura to work upon the cultures. Eventually, she takes control of Asakura during a conference presentation speech and announces her presence. Leaving Asakura's body, she returns to the lab. Toshiaki pursues her, and she rapes him in the form of Kiyomi to capture some of his sperm, which she uses to fertilize an egg of her own production. Moving to the hospital, she implants this egg in Mariko's womb. The egg develops into a child that is born almost immediately.
Eve anticipates that her child will be able to consciously change its genetic code, thus being an infinitely adaptable 'perfect life form' capable of replacing humanity and similar life-forms. Mariko's body will be host to a new race of these life-forms.
The experiment fails, since Toshiaki's sperm carry a separate line of 'male' mitochondria (inherited through sperm) that will be wiped out in the new order; these resist the change by fighting for control of the child's body, causing it to switch between male and female forms. The child dies; Toshiaki also dies, merging his body with the child's to control the bursts of psychokinetic-like power it gives out in its death throes that threaten to kill many people.
In the novel's epilogue, it is revealed that some samples of the Eve cells in Toshiaki's lab survived. However, they are destroyed shortly after being found.
Development and inspiration
Sena had a background in pharmacology and his day job consisted of testing mitochondria with various drugs for their ability to convert fatty acids into energy. A television documentary he viewed got him to think about the idea that the mitochondria had a will of their own and did not feel like keeping themselves up with the end of their symbiotic relationship.
Release and reception
The original book, Parasite Eve by Hideaki Sena, became the first winner of the Japan Horror Novel Award. It was later translated into English by Tyran Grillo for Vertical Inc. and released in December 2005.
Library Journal noted that 'Sena's work in pharmacology and microbiology lends this Japanese import a sense of discovery and fear that resonates when new science is not fully understood,' and recommended the book to science fiction and horror fans who had enjoyed Suzuki Koji's The Ring and films like White Noise.
Popular culture and merchandise
Parasite Eve was popular in Japan, and was a part of the 'J-horror' phenomena along with other fiction such as The Ring. The book led to three video game adaptations, a book-based manga comic and another manga adaptation based upon the video game universe called 'Parasite Eve DIVA'. The Parasite Eve film was so popular in Japan that a scientific study asking citizens what color mitochondria are stated that they are colored green, similar to what was presented in the movie.
In 1997, a film adaptation of the Parasite Eve novel was released in Japan. Parasite Eve was directed by Masayuki Ochiai and written by Ryoichi Kimizuka. The film was produced by Fuji TV and distributed to the United States by ADV Films and by Fuji in Europe. ADV premiered the film on June 18, 2000 for a limited theatrical run. It was later released on DVD on August 14, 2001. The film does not contain an English dub track and is subtitled in hardsubs. The adaptation follows the storyline of the book but has a different ending. Variety projected the film take in 100 million yen ($826, 446) during its five-week run in about 150 Japanese theaters.
Two manga series were released in the Parasite Eve series. The first series was a manga under the same name of the novel. The story follows the same events of the original novel and was written by Shikaku, illustrated by Fujiki Noriko and published in Asuka Comics DX. It was released on March 1998.
The second series is two volumes in total and is titled Parasite Eve Diva ― N. Y. Shi no utahime (パラサイト・イヴDIVA―N.Y.死の歌姫, lit. Parasite Eve Diva: N.Y. Diva of Death). The manga serves as an adaptation for the video game with some altered events. It was written by Fuji Takashi Toshiko and was also published by Asuka Comics DX. A total of two volumes were released: the first volume was released on September 25, 1998 and the second volume was released on July 1999.
|1999||Parasite Eve II|
|2010||The 3rd Birthday|
Parasite Eve is the first game in the series, produced by Squaresoft and released in 1998 for the SonyPlayStation. Sena approved of the game, stating that he was 'actually impressed how well the game makers translated the novel.' The game was developed in both America and Japan. It serves as a sequel to the novel. Parasite Eve II is the sequel to the original game, released for the PlayStation, for Japan in 1999 and worldwide in 2000.The 3rd Birthday is the third game of the Parasite Eve series and was released in 2010 for the PlayStation Portable. The game was originally announced for DoCoMo cell phones, but was later confirmed exclusive for the PSP at the Tokyo Game Show 2008 presskits. The nature of the game was more of a spin-off of the previous games. It serves as a spiritual successor to the Parasite Eve series, containing little of the content about the endosymbiotic theory.
- ^Kalat 2007, p. 166.
- ^ abKalat 2007, p. 167.
- ^'Parasite Eve by Hideaki Sena'. Vertical Inc. Retrieved April 27, 2009.
- ^Samul, Ron. 'Parasite Eve'. Library Journal. 130 (14): 134. ISSN0363-0277.
- ^ abc'Parasite Eve By Hideaki Sena'. Vertical Inc. January 1, 2004. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
- ^Lynch, Lisa (September 5, 2001). 'Tech Flesh 4: Mitochodrial Combustion at Club Parasite, An Interview With Hideaki Sena'. CT Theory. Archived from the original on December 17, 2018. Retrieved May 1, 2016.
- ^'Parasite Eve Plot Summary and Details'. moviefone.com. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- ^'Parasite Eve'. tohokingdom.com. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- ^'News: ADV Bringing games to film'. animenewsnetwork.com. July 16, 2000. Retrieved February 26, 2011.
- ^Herskovitz, Jon (February 27, 1997). 'Hit-maker Kadokawa back in film business'. Variety. Retrieved April 27, 2016.
- ^パラサイト・イヴ (in Japanese). bookoffline.co.jp. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- ^パラサイト・イヴＤＩＶＡ－Ｎ．Ｙ．死の歌姫 (in Japanese). bookoffline.co.jp. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- ^パラサイト・イヴＤＩＶＡ ２ (in Japanese). bookoffline.co.jp. Retrieved February 23, 2011.
- ^'Parasite Eve'. IGN. Retrieved February 18, 2011.
- ^Kalat 2007, p. 169.
- ^'Parasite Eve II'. IGN. Retrieved February 18, 2011.
- ^'The 3rd Birthday'. IGN. Retrieved February 18, 2011.
- Kalat, David (2007). J-horror: The Definitive Guide to The Ring, The Grudge and Beyond. Vertical. ISBN978-1932234084.
- Parasite Eve at IMDb
- Parasite Eve at AllMovie
For as long as there have been video games there have been hot female characters. Though, as graphics technology has improved these hotties have been brought to life in a way that has made us question what is real.
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We appreciate a good looking gaming character, and in this feature you'll find 25 of the hottest female video game characters ever designed. Note that these are in alphabetical order.
Series:King of Fighters
Random Fact:Angel was created based on the primary art designer's 'personal preferences'.
With superhuman strength and a love for Muay Thai, Angel isn't the kind of girl you want to make angry. Although she can be violent and menacing when tested, she's often lighthearted and even flirtatious with cat-like mannerisms.
2. Anna Williams
Random Fact: Her name is derived from Hebrew, meaning 'grace, gracious'.
Donning beautiful silk dresses and perfectly maintained bangs, Anna Williams is a crowd-favorite of Tekken fans. As defined in the story, her favorite thing to do is travel, so if you plan to court her make sure it involves a plane ticket.
3. Aya Brea
Series: Parasite Eve
Random Fact: She once earned second place in a handgun shooting contest.
Parasite Eve was a fantastic RPG on the original PlayStation, and Aya Brea was part of what made it great. She's a laid-back kind of girl with a mitochondrial mutation that allows her to set people on fire and telepathically kill anyone she doesn't like. In other words, the worst wife ever.
Random Fact: If you look closely on her watch you'll see the numbers '14111219', which corresponds to her birthdate of December 19th, 1411.
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With the confidence and posture of a Victoria's Secret supermodel, Bayonetta quickly became a gamer favorite when introduced in 2009. Her ability to shapeshift, slash enemies to bits, and shoot akimbo pistols without missing makes her beautiful to watch in motion.
Random Fact: She loves biting, and is afraid of ants.
Catherine is the titular character of the game by the same name. As gorgeous as she may appear, Catherine was a psychotic game with one of the weirdest stories of any game on the PlayStation 3.
6. Chloe Frazer
Random Fact: She is so good at driving she could probably be a professional race car driver.
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As you might notice from the above picture, Chloe is best known for her rear end. It was one of the best things about Uncharted 2: Among Thieves, and was probably part of why it got such good review scores.
7. Chun Li
Series: Street Fighter
Random Fact: Chun-Li has been a fan of Bruce Lee since she was five.
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Chun Li's thighs are the eighth wonder of the world, capable of breaking open coconuts and kicking holes through brick walls. She's been considered one of the hottest girls in gaming since the early 90's when she made her public debut in Street Fighter 2, and for good reason.
Random Fact: She was the first barefoot female fighter in any video game.
Although Catwoman from the Batman franchise is probably the first catgirl you can think of, you definitely don't want to forget about Felicia. Her dancing skills and positive energy make her the kind of girl you'd want to take out for a nice dinner before heading back home for some milk.
Series: Final Fantasy
Random Fact: She is the tallest playable female character in the Final Fantasy series.
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Standing at 6'2' with a slender physique and dark skin complexion, Fran is one of the most exotic Final Fantasy characters. As great as she looks, it was her voice actor that brought her to life (Nicole Fantl). Alongside Balthier, she played a big part in making the boring story of Final Fantasy XII somewhat interesting.
10. Goddess Etain
Random Fact: She's derived from the Celtic Goddess of the same name.
Out of all the characters on this list, this is likely the one you haven't heard of. That's probably because Shaiya was a rather unpopular game. Her name translates to 'The Shining One', and boy does she shine with a look like that.
11. Helena Douglas
Series: Dead or Alive
Random Fact: She is an opera singer.
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Dead or Alive has a lot of hot characters, and Helena is definitely top shelf. If I had to guess, I'd say that at least half of the copies sold in the series are specifically because of the sexy characters designs. Not that that's a bad thing.
12. Jill Valentine
Series: Resident Evil
Random Fact: She shares the same initials as her original face model, Julia Voth.
Jill Valentine was one of the original hot 3D characters in gaming. Back in 1996 when Resident Evil released live action cutscenes and 3D graphics were still a new thing, and Jill's only competition was Lara Croft. Capable of surviving a virus outbreak, she helped pioneer the strong independent female lead for the industry.
13. Juliet Starling
Random Fact: She killed her first zombie when she was six months old using a rattle toy.
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Wearing a cheerleader uniform while running around with a chainsaw, Juliet is far from ordinary. Her character design was a big part of what drew people to what was considered a rather unspectacular game. And really, there's nothing wrong with that.
Series:Dead or Alive
Random Fact: Her favorite color is cherry blossom pink.
Kasumi is the kind of girl who walks around in a bikini when it's raining outside. Photos of her easily bring traffic to any article using her as a header image. Consider her a journalism cheat code.
15. Lara Croft
Series: Tomb Raider
Random Fact: Feminist groups hate her more than anything in the world.
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Eve Video Game Series Characters
Commonly regarded as the original hottie, Lara is an icon in the video game industry. She's been the face of the franchise since 1996, and has starred in a full feature film that made over 94 million USD. She's a strong female lead that, although commonly regarded as a sex symbol, played a huge part in the early progression of the action adventure genre.
Random Fact: She was the first female lead in the main franchise since Final Fantasy VI's Terra
Lightning is a lot like Lara Croft despite having a different appearance. She's confident in herself and her beliefs stars in a major AAA gaming franchise and loves kicking teeth in. She's become a popular object of cosplay in recent years and most guys have no problem with that.
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Random Fact: She is a Swiss field medic.
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Mercy is the latest beauty to join the revered list of hot video game characters. Featured in Overwatch as a popular healer, her skillset allows her to glide around the battlefield while toggling between keeping teammates alive and peppering enemies with bullets.
18. Miranda Lawson
Random Fact: Early concepts defined her as a blonde.
Miranda was the most popular love interest among Mass Effect players who enjoyed engaging in virtual romance. Her confident demeanor and skin-tight suit are big reasons for that.
19. Morrigan Aensland
Random Fact: She is named after the Celtic crow goddess.
With a butt like that, there was no way Morrigan wasn't going to be on this list.
20. Nova Terra
Random Fact: Her voice actress (Grey Delisle) also voiced Daphne Blake in Scooby-Doo and Jeanne in Bayonetta.
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Nova is a sharpshooter with telepathic abilities. Alongside Kerrigan she's remained one of the featured female leads in StarCraft.
Random Fact: Poison and C. Viper are the only playable female characters in Street Fighter that originate from the United States.
With bright purple hair and next to no clothing, Poison might not appear to be a threat, but don't let that fool you. She's a master in acrobatics that is so agile she drives her enemies insane.
22. Samus Aran
Random Fact: She was influenced by Sigourney Weaver in Alien.
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Beneath that thick golden space armor is one of the greatest beauties in gaming. When seen in her zero suit, Samus is eye candy unlike anything else in Nintendo's roster.
Random Fact: She has become increasingly more naked with each new Soulcaliber release.
Sophita is the kind of girl who will be the one to squish any spiders in your house, except instead of using a paper towel, she'd likely use her sword. Hailing from Athens, she has the appearance of a Greek goddess, just the sort of thing guys are into.
24. Tifa Lockhart
Random Fact: She was the first playable monk in the series.
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With Aerith dying at the end of the first CD, Tifa was an easy second love interest among Final Fantasy VII fans. Although shy, she is incredibly strong, relying on her fists to deal damage to foes, and her bust size to earn accolades.
Random Fact: She used to have a hunchback.
Although The Witcher 3: Wild Hunt was steaming with attractive love interests, Yennefer was the cream of the crop. She was precise with her language, classy, and like other sorceresses was unable to bear children. If you look closely enough she kind of looks like a female Jon Snow. Good luck with unseeing that. She's also super hot in the Netflix version of The Witcher.