Sourcetree Diff Between Branches

To add your supply request file, do the following:

  1. From your BitbucketStationSupplies in Bitbucket, click Source to open the source directory. Notice you only have one file, supplies.txt, in your directory.

    • A. Source page: Click the link to open this page.

    • B. Branch selection: Pick the branch you want to view.

    • C. More options button: Click to open a menu with more options, such as 'Add file'.

    • D. Source file area: View the directory of files in Bitbucket.

  2. From the Source page, click the More options button in the top right corner and select Add file from the menu. The More options button only appears after you have added at least one file to the repository. A page for creating the new file opens, as shown in the following image.

    • A. Branch with new file: Change if you want to add file to a different branch.

    • B. New file area: Add content for your new file here.

  3. Enter supplyrequest in the filename field.

  4. Select HTML from the Syntax mode list.

  5. Add the following HTML code to the text area:

    We are requesting additional supplies. Please send us the following:



    • space ice cream

    • nerf darts

    • telescope light shield

  6. Click Commit. The Commit message field appears with the message: supplyrequest created online with Bitbucket.

  7. Click Commit under the message field.

  1. The difference between the two commands is that clone works to fetch code from a remote repository, alternatively checkout works to switch between versions of code already on the local system. Usage: Existing branches Assuming the repo you're working in contains pre-existing branches, you can switch between these branches using git checkout.
  2. I have just moved my source code to Hg on Bitbucket. I'm using SourceTree, and I notice that when I click on the current (and only) branch, I get a list of all of the folders in the app; however, when I click on 'working copy' I get nothing! So, what is the difference between the two, and what actio.
  3. From Sourcetree, click the Branch button. Depending on whether you have a Git or Mercurial repository, you see a different popup for creating a new branch. From the New Branch or Create a new branch field, enter wish-list for the name of your branch. Click Create Branch or OK. From Sourcetree, click the Show in Finder button. The directory on.

Comparing changes with git diff

Add a comment 206 Another way to do this is to right-click on a branch and select the 'Diff against current' context menu command (current refers to the branch you are currently working on). This will give you the diff between the head commits of the two branches.

Diffing is a function that takes two input data sets and outputs the changes between them. git diff is a multi-use Git command that when executed runs a diff function on Git data sources. These data sources can be commits, branches, files and more. This document will discuss common invocations of git diff and diffing work flow patterns. The git diff command is often used along with git status and git log to analyze the current state of a Git repo.

Reading diffs: outputs

Raw output format

The following examples will be executed in a simple repo. The repo is created with the commands below:

If we execute git diff at this point, there will be no output. This is expected behavior as there are no changes in the repo to diff. Once the repo is created and we've added the diff_test.txt file, we can change the contents of the file to start experimenting with diff output.

Executing this command will change the content of the diff_test.txt file. Once modified, we can view a diff and analyze the output. Now executing git diff will produce the following output:

Let us now examine a more detailed breakdown of the diff output.

1. Comparison input

This line displays the input sources of the diff. We can see that a/diff_test.txt and b/diff_test.txt have been passed to the diff.

2. Meta data

This line displays some internal Git metadata. You will most likely not need this information. The numbers in this output correspond to Git object version hash identifiers.

3. Markers for changes

Branches

These lines are a legend that assigns symbols to each diff input source. In this case, changes from a/diff_test.txt are marked with a --- and the changes from b/diff_test.txt are marked with the +++ symbol.

4. Diff chunks

The remaining diff output is a list of diff 'chunks'. A diff only displays the sections of the file that have changes. In our current example, we only have one chunk as we are working with a simple scenario. Chunks have their own granular output semantics.

The first line is the chunk header. Each chunk is prepended by a header inclosed within @@ symbols. The content of the header is a summary of changes made to the file. In our simplified example, we have -1 +1 meaning line one had changes. In a more realistic diff, you would see a header like:

In this header example, 6 lines have been extracted starting from line number 34. Additionally, 8 lines have been added starting at line number 34.

The remaining content of the diff chunk displays the recent changes. Each changed line is prepended with a + or - symbol indicating which version of the diff input the changes come from. As we previously discussed, - indicates changes from the a/diff_test.txt and + indicates changes from b/diff_test.txt.

Highlighting changes

1. git diff --color-words

git diff also has a special mode for highlighting changes with much better granularity: ‐‐color-words. This mode tokenizes added and removed lines by whitespace and then diffs those.

British Summer Time → Universal Time Conversion Chart. ( Reverse the chart below ) 0:00 AM (0:00) BST =. 11:00 PM (23:00) Previous Day UTC. 0:30 AM (0:30) BST =. 11:30 PM (23:30) Previous Day UTC. The Coordinated Universal Time (UTC) is 1 hours behind of British Summer Time (BST). UTC to BST meeting planner Once you convert UTC to BST, click on the 'Copy Link' button to share this time with a friend or a colleague. It is a simple tool to plan meetings across two different time zones. Utc to bst time conversion. UTC is known as Universal Time. UTC is 1 hours behind BST. 12:00 am BST 1:00 am BST 2:00 am BST 3:00 am BST 4:00 am BST 5:00 am BST 6:00 am BST 7:00 am BST 8:00 am BST 9:00 am BST 10:00 am BST 11:00 am BST 12:00 pm BST 1:00 pm BST 2:00 pm BST 3:00 pm BST 4:00 pm BST 5:00 pm BST 6:00 pm BST 7:00 pm BST 8:00 pm BST 9:00 pm BST 10:00 pm BST 11:00 pm BST. Universal Time (UTC) to British Summer Time (BST) 12 pm UTC: is: 1 pm BST: 1 pm UTC: is: 2 pm BST: 2 pm UTC: is: 3 pm BST: 3 pm UTC: is: 4 pm BST: 4 pm UTC: is: 5 pm BST: 5 pm UTC: is: 6 pm BST: 6 pm UTC: is: 7 pm BST: 7 pm UTC: is: 8 pm BST: 8 pm UTC: is: 9 pm BST: 9 pm UTC: is: 10 pm BST: 10 pm UTC: is: 11 pm BST: 11 pm UTC: is: 12 am BST. On PowerApps, when you set the DateTimeZone property of a Date picker control to UTC, it assumes that the input value is in UTC, the control will then display the local value to the user. In your scenario, let’s say you’ve input date time value of ‘ 00:00 UTC’, PowerApps recognizes that your timezone is BST and subtracts 1 hour to show the input value in your local time.

Now the output displays only the color-coded words that have changed.

2. git diff-highlight

If you clone the git source, you’ll find a sub-directory called contrib. It contains a bunch of git-related tools and other interesting bits and pieces that haven’t yet been promoted to git core. One of these is a Perl script called diff-highlight. Diff-highlight pairs up matching lines of diff output and highlights sub-word fragments that have changed.

Now we’ve pared down our diff to the smallest possible change.

Branches

Diffing binary files

In addition to the text file utilities we have thus far demonstrated, git diff can be run on binary files. Unfortunately, the default output is not very helpful.

Git does have a feature that allows you to specify a shell command to transform the content of your binary files into text prior to performing the diff. It does require a little set up though. First, you need to specify a textconv filter describing how to convert a certain type of binary to text. We're using a simple utility called pdftohtml (available via homebrew) to convert my PDFs into human readable HTML. You can set this up for a single repository by editing your .git/config file, or globally by editing ~ /.gitconfig

Then all you need to do is associate one or more file patterns with our pdfconv filter. You can do this by creating a .gitattributes file in the root of your repository.

Once configured, git diff will first run the binary file through the configured converter script and diff the converter output. The same technique can be applied to get useful diffs from all sorts of binary files, for example: zips, jars and other archives: using unzip -l (or similar) in place of pdf2html will show you paths that have been added or removed between commits images: exiv2 can be used to show metadata changes such as image dimensions documents: conversion tools exist for transforming .odf, .doc and other document formats to plain text. In a pinch, strings will often work for binary files where no formal converter exists.

Comparing files: git diff file

The git diff command can be passed an explicit file path option. When a file path is passed to git diff the diff operation will be scoped to the specified file. The below examples demonstrate this usage.

This example is scoped to ./path/to/file when invoked, it will compare the specific changes in the working directory, against the index, showing the changes that are not staged yet. By default git diff will execute the comparison against HEAD. Omitting HEAD in the example above git diff ./path/to/file has the same effect.

When git diff is invoked with the --cached option the diff will compare the staged changes with the local repository. The --cached option is synonymous with --staged.

Comparing all changes

Invoking git diff without a file path will compare changes across the entire repository. The above, file specific examples, can be invoked without the ./path/to/file argument and have the same output results across all files in the local repo.

Changes since last commit

By default git diff will show you any uncommitted changes since the last commit.

Comparing files between two different commits

git diff can be passed Git refs to commits to diff. Some example refs are, HEAD, tags, and branch names. Every commit in Git has a commit ID which you can get when you execute GIT LOG. You can also pass this commit ID to git diff.

Comparing branches

Comparing two branches

Branches are compared like all other ref inputs to git diff

Sourcetree Compare 2 Branches

This example introduces the dot operator. The two dots in this example indicate the diff input is the tips of both branches. The same effect happens if the dots are omitted and a space is used between the branches. Additionally, there is a three dot operator:

The three dot operator initiates the diff by changing the first input parameter branch1. It changes branch1 into a ref of the shared common ancestor commit between the two diff inputs, the shared ancestor of branch1 and other-feature-branch. The last parameter input parameter remains unchanged as the tip of other-feature-branch.

Comparing files from two branches

To compare a specific file across branches, pass in the path of the file as the third argument to git diff

Sourcetree diff between branches free

Sourcetree Diff Between Branches Chart

Summary

This page disscused the Git diffing process and the git diff command. We discussed how to read git diff output and the various data included in the output. Examples were provided on how to alter the git diff output with highlighting and colors. We discussed different diffing strategies such as how to diff files in branches and specific commits. In addition to the git diff command, we also used git log and git checkout.

Diff
Next up:

Git Stash

Start next tutorial