T95e1

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T95 Medium Tank
TypeMedium tank
Place of originUnited States
Production history
Designed1951-1959
Specifications
Mass38.2 t
Length10.18 m (33 ft 5 in)
Width3.15 m
Height2.85 m
Crew4
ArmorFused silica embedded in cast steel armor
90 mm T208 (T95E2) 105 mm T210 (T95E4)
Secondary
armament
.50 Cal (12.7 mm) M2 machine gun
EngineAOI-1195 gasoline engine, GM12V71T diesel engine
550–570 hp (410–430 kW)
TransmissionXTG-410 four-speed
Suspensiontorsion bar
Fuel capacity206 Gallons
Maximum speed 56 km/h (35 mph)

The T95 was an American prototype medium tank developed from 1955 to 1959. These tanks used many advanced or unusual features, such as siliceous-cored armor, a new transmission, and the OPTAR fire-control system. The OPTAR incorporated an electro-optical rangefinder and was mounted on the right side of the turret, and was used in conjunction with the APFSDS-firing 90 mm T208 smoothbore gun, which had a rigid mount without a recoil system. In addition, although the tanks were designed with a torsion beam suspension, a hydropneumatic suspension was fitted, and one of the tanks was fitted with a Solar Saturngas turbine for demonstration purposes.

Pictures of T95. By Gaijin Entertainment. The T95E1 fits perfectly on 8.0 it is a great tank with a good turret and usable ammunition. Maps where you would have to shoot at more than 1000 meters are almost nonexistent. So the somewhat inaccurate cannon doesn't matter here either.

The siliceous cored armor consisted of fused silica, which has a mass efficiency of approximately three versus copper-lined shaped charges, embedded in cast steel armor for an overall mass efficiency of 1.4. The early APFSDS penetrators fired by the T208 had a low length-to-diameter ratio, this being limited by their brittle tungsten carbide construction, with a diameter of 37 mm, although they had a high muzzle velocity of 1,525 m/s (5,000 ft/s). The rangefinder, the 'T53 Optical Tracking, Acquisition and Ranging' (OPTAR) system, emitted pulsed beams of intense but incoherentinfrared light. These incoherent beams scattered easily, reducing effectiveness in mist and rain and causing multiple returns, requiring the gunner to identify the correct return after estimating the range by sight. This, combined with the large and vulnerable design of the transmitter and receiver assembly, led to the abandonment of the OPTAR system in 1957.

History[edit]

Development[edit]

In the early 1950s, work began in the US to develop an eventual replacement to the M48 tank, the operational medium tank at the time. A series of relatively simple upgrades to the T48 were considered as part of the T54 project, but these were considered to offer too little advantage to be worth it. Examples of more radical upgrades were also called for. In September 1954, out of many submitted plans, two main examples were chosen – one of them, the T95; the other, the T96, which used a heavier gun and a 105 mm round. Both tanks used smooth-bore barrels with a fixed mount and no recoil system. In November 1956, it was finally decided that nine tanks would be produced. Four of them would be original T95s. One would be a T95 with a 90 mm gun on a mount with a recoil system, receiving the designation T95E1. The remaining four would use the T95 chassis and the T96 turret, and were designated the T95E4.

Production[edit]

Because the T96 turrets were not yet constructed (and were never completed), it was decided that of the four T95E4s, two would be fitted with the M48A2 turret, and the other two were fitted with T54E2 turret and with 105-mm T140 cannon.

The first T95 variant to go into production was the T95E2, in May 1957. The T95E3 was produced in July of the same year, and the first original T95s were ready in February 1958.

Description[edit]

The T95 tank was created using a traditional design with a driver in the front, the fighting compartment in the center, and the engine compartment in the rear. The tank had a four-man crew, consisting of a commander, a gunner, a loader, and a driver.

The driver’s work area is in the forward compartment. The driver's hatch is located in the glacis above his head. With the hatch sealed the driver operates using three periscopic visual devices, the middle of which is equipped with a night-visioninfrared camera from the T161. Ammunition stores are located on either side of the driver’s chair.

Hull and turret[edit]

The majority of the hull is welded, but the front is a single massive casting. The upper part of the forward armor, or glacis, has a thickness of 95 mm and is at an angle of 65 degrees from vertical. The thickness of the roof and floor of the hull around the driver's compartment is 51 and 19 mm respectively; the thicknesses of said areas are 25 and 13 mm, respectively, around the fighting and engine compartments. The thickness of the main side plates vary from 102 mm up front down to 32 mm around the engine.

The cast turret has a ring diameter of 85 inches (the same as the M48). The frontal turret armor is 178 mm, and the sides are 78 mm. The shape of the turret is elongated compared to the M48. The gunner’s seat is situated to the right of the main gun in the front of the turret. The commander’s seat is also in the turret with a built-in 12.7 mmM2 machine gun, with an M28 periscopic sight for aiming. For 360-degree vision, 5 armored viewports are installed in the turret. Primary shells are stored in the lower section of the turret, beneath the ring.

Armament[edit]

The T95 and the T95E1 are equipped with a T208 90 mm smooth-bore gun. The T95 equipment was installed on a fixed mount and was stabilized in two axes. The T95E1 equipment was installed on a recoil mount, but lacked stabilization systems. All T95 models were equipped with T320armor-piercing rounds, which had a tungsten core, a diameter of 40 mm, and a muzzle velocity of 1520 meters per second. These rounds could successfully penetrate a 127 mm armor plate when fired at a 60-degree angle from 2000 yards. A standard T95 was equipped with 50 rounds.

The T95E2 retained the armament of its predecessor, the M48A2. With a 90 mm gun, it could fire a 74 mm anti-armor shell at 915 meters per second for a range of 2000 yards. It was equipped with 64 rounds.

The T95E3 was armed with a T140 105 mm rifled gun. With a muzzle velocity of 1079 m/s, the armor piecing capability at 2000 yards is 122 mm at a 60-degree firing angle. Standard equipment was 64 rounds.

The T95E4 was planned to have a T210 105 mm smoothbore gun. In order to accommodate the extra length of the rounds (112 cm), the gun was moved forward, preventing stabilization. The muzzle velocity of the round was 1740 m/s, with an armor penetration of 152 mm at 60 degrees at 2000 yards. Standard equipment was 40 rounds.

With the appearance of the T123 120 mm rifled gun, it was decided that it should be installed on two of the four planned T95E4s. This variant was designated T95E6. The T123 gun had a muzzle velocity of 1070 m/s and armor-piercing capability of 122 mm at 60 degrees, at a range of 2000 yards.

Fire-control system[edit]

The T95E2 and the T95E3 were equipped with a fire-control system, identical to the one used in the M48A2, with a stereoscopicrangefinder and a mechanical ballistics computer.

The T95 also had an FCS which had an OPTAR optic rangefinder, as well as an electronic ballistics computer. It also featured a periscopic sight from the T44 and a T50 ballistic computer.

The T95E1 used a simplified targeting system – a rangefinder and a ballistics computer were omitted. Angular xampp.

Powerplant[edit]

Under the original proposal, T95 and T96 tanks had to be equipped with an X-shaped 750 hp 12-cylinder diesel engine. However, because this engine was only in the early stages of development, it was decided to temporarily equip the tanks with a 4-stroke, 8-cylinder AOI-1195 gasoline engine. The engine was placed transversely and was connected with the XTG-410 four-speed transmission. Three fuel tanks, with a total capacity of 780 liters, were installed in the engine compartment.

Despite higher fuel economy compared to the M48A2 engine, gasoline engines provided insufficient torque. At the same time, the development of the X-shaped diesel engine failed, so starting in mid-1958, other options were considered. As an interim measure, they decided to use a modified version of the civilian 12-cylinder, two-stroke, water-cooled, V-type, 570 hp GM12V71T diesel engine.

A contract was signed with the Continental Motors Company in the development of the AVDS-1100 air-cooled diesel engine, and with Caterpillar to develop the LVDS-1100 water-cooled diesel engine. Both engines are quad-V-shaped, with an estimated 550 hp. However, tank testing with the three new power plants began after the retirement of the T95 program.

Chassis[edit]

The suspension consists of five sets of double road wheels with torsion bar springs. The system does not have track return rollers. The forward and rearmost road wheels are equipped with hydraulic shock absorbers. On some of the tanks lightweight openwork road wheels were used.

Cached

Caterpillar treads were used, with rubber bushed pins. The width of the tracks were 533 mm or 610 mm. The number of tracks in a tread was 80 and the length of the bearing surface was 4.2 m.

Retirement[edit]

During the development of T95 tank, it became clear that it would not have a significant advantage over the M48A2. The X-shaped motor and optical rangefinder were both discarded due to performance, and the accuracy of the smoothbore gun continued to be unsatisfactory. All this led to the closure of the project on July 7, 1960. At the same time, work on the T95E7 turret was continued, which led to the creation of the fairly successful M60A1 turret. Some existing T95 hulls were re-fitted with the AVDS-1790 engine and used from 1960 to 1964 to develop the T118E1 prototype of the M728 Combat Engineer Vehicle.[1]

Versions and modifications[edit]

  • T95 – The original tank, with a 90mm T208 smoothbore gun with a recoilless, fixed mount.
  • T95E1 – Recoil mount, 90mm T208 gun, simplified fire-control system.
  • T95E2 – Turret from the M48A2, 90mm M41 rifled gun.
  • T95E3 – Turret from the T54E2, 105mm T140 rifled gun.
  • T95E4 – Turret from the T96, 105mm T210 smoothbore gun.
  • T95E5 – A T95E2 with a license built Royal Ordnance L7, US designation '105mm T254E1', never built. Turret design used on M60 MBT
  • T95E6 – Turret from the T96, 120mm T123E6 rifled gun, never built.
  • T95E7 – A T95E1 with a 105mm T254E2, never built. Turret design used on M60A1 and M60A3.
  • T95E8 – A T95E2 with a 12V71T diesel engine.
  • T95E8 Test Rig - A T95E8 with the turret and 152mm XM81 gun-launcher used on M60A2.
  • T95E8 Tube-Over-Bar Test Rig - The T95E8 Test Rig fitted with hydropneumatic suspension.
  • T95E9 - A T95E6 with a 12V71T diesel engine, never built.
  • T95E10 - A T95 with VDS-1100 diesel engine, never built.
  • T95E11 - A T95E6 with VDS-1100 diesel engine, never built.
  • T95E12 - A T95E6 with a 2-meter base rangefinder, a full solution fire control system, and VDS-1100 diesel engine, never built.
  • T118 - Combat Engineering Vehicle, outfitted with a front bulldozer blade, A-frame hoist assembly, and M57 165mm Demolition Gun.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^Tank Data, vol. 3. Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD: US Army Ordnance School, Jul 1968.

Bbliography[edit]

  • Hunnicutt R.P., 'Abrams. A history of American main battle tank' Vol.2, Novato 1989
  • Ogorkiewicz, Richard M (1991). Technology of Tanks. Jane's Information Group Limited. pp. 48, 79, 174, 260, 326, 371. ISBN0-7106-0595-1.

External links[edit]

  • T95 series of experimental medium tanks at Jedsite (requires registration)
Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=T95_Medium_Tank&oldid=1021489735'
Somua SM PACK
ABRBSB
4.34.34.3
Class:
  • 2General info
  • 3Armaments
    • 3.1Main armament
  • 4Usage in battles
  • 5History

Description

The 3 inch Gun Motor Carriage T55E1 is a premium gift rank III American tank destroyer with a battle rating of 4.3 (AB/RB/SB). It was introduced during Update 'Hot Tracks' as a reward for Battle Pass: Season II, 'Steel Centurion'.

General info

Survivability and armour

Hull0 / 0 / 0

The armour on the T55 is next to none, even a random burst from a machine gun can easily kill you or critically wound your crew. However, as this vehicle cannot be hull broken and APHE shells tend not to detonate inside your tank, your most dangerous enemies are vehicles equipped with heavy machine guns or autocannons. The ammo rack is your biggest weak spot, however if you only load 10 or 12 shells, your side racks are empty and your centre rack is mostly empty. Any plane is a danger and you should seek cover and hide from them.

Armour type:

T95e1
  • Structural Steel (hull, gun breech)
  • Tires (wheel)
Armour Front (Slope angle) Sides Rear Roof
Hull 6.4 mm 6.4 mm 3.2-6.4 mm 3.2 mm Main ammo stowage and engine compartment

Notes:

  • All armour is thin structural steel, meaning even rifle-calibre machine guns penetrate it with ease.
  • The crew compartment is open-topped, meaning the crew is fully exposed to enemy aircraft or even to tanks.

Mobility

AB87 / 58 km/h
2 back
AB565 hp
AB41.2 hp/t

The T55 can move at around 80 km/h (50 mph) forward and backwards. It drives more like a car than it does a tank and has a hard time to flip. Your wheels can also allow you to climb to vantage points before anyone else.

Game Mode Max Speed (km/h) Weight (tons) Engine power (horsepower) Power-to-weight ratio (hp/ton)
Forward Reverse Stock UpgradedStockUpgraded
Arcade 87 5813.7 420 565 30.66 41.24
Realistic 80 54 262 296 19.12 21.61

Modifications and economy

AB790
SB3 300
Experts240 000
Research Aces790 000
2 × 90 / 130 / 150 %
MobilityProtectionFirepower
Tires
Suspension
Brake System
Filters
Transmission
Engine
Parts
FPE
Crew Replenishment
Horizontal Drive
Adjustment of Fire
76mm_usa_M79_AP_ammo_pack
Elevation Mechanism

Armaments

Main armament

6.5 → 5.0 s
Main article: M7 (76 mm)

The T55E1 uses the 76 mm M7 as its main and only armament. The 76 mm M7 cannon is a high velocity anti tank gun, and can punch through the armour of most tanks all the way up to 6.7. The M62 APCBC shell has enough explosive filler to take down most tanks in one well aimed shot. Such canon may be familiar to players as it is the same armament present on the M10 GMC as well as the M6A1 as well as being similar to the later Shermans' 76 mm canon. The vehicle however posses a noticeable better reload than all the aforementioned vehicles due to having 2 loaders. That said, unlike the previous vehicles, the T55E1 not only lacks a turret but also posses a very limited horizontal guidance.

76 mm M7 Turret rotation speed (°/s) Reloading rate (seconds)
Mode Capacity Vertical Horizontal Stabilizer Stock Upgraded Full Expert Aced Stock Full Expert Aced
Arcade 42 -10°/+15° ±9° N/A 7.0 9.7 11.8 13.1 14.0 6.50 5.75 5.30 5.00
Realistic 4.8 5.6 6.8 7.5 8.0

Ammunition

The T55E1 is able to use 3 different types of ammunition: APCBC, HE and AP.

  • M62 shell - The M62 APCBC shell is the standard shell the T55E1 uses. It is the highest penetrating shell available as well as having explosive filler. As such, it is recommended to use the shell for most opponents, specially armoured ones, but also for flanking as the explosive fillers can prove deadly when used against enemies side armour. As such, it is recommended to bring a considerable amount of APCBC shells.
  • M42A1 shell - The M42A1 is the HE shell the T55E1 has access to. While such shell can be overlooked on similarly armed vehicles, the lack of a machine gun on the T55E1 can lead to difficulties dealing with targets with exposed crew such as a number of SPAAs. As such, it is recommended to bring a low amount of HE shells in order to counter the aforementioned threat.
  • M79 shot - The M79 is an AP round that, while it lacks the penetration of the M62 or the damage of the M42A1, still has some uses in the T55E1. As previously mentioned, the lack of machine guns in the vehicle can lead to issues against unarmoured targets. Furthermore, due to the HE having lower penetration than the M62's fuse sensitivity, some opponents may be harder to hit with the previously mentioned shells. In such scenarios it is recommended to use the M79, being able to damage lightly armoured opponents. Due to the AP nature of the shell, as well as the lack of HE filler, it is also recommended to shoot at the front or rear of the opponent's vehicle to ensure the maximum amount of damage. As such, like the M42A1, it is recommended to bring a low amount of AP shells.

See More Results

Penetration statistics
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Penetration @ 0° Angle of Attack (mm)
10 m 100 m 500 m 1,000 m 1,500 m 2,000 m
M62 shell APCBC 149 146 133 119 106 95
M42A1 shell HE 7 7 7 7 7 7
M79 shot AP 134 132 121 109 99 89
Shell details
Ammunition Type of
warhead
Velocity
(m/s)
Projectile
Mass (kg)
Fuse delay
(m)
Fuse sensitivity
(mm)
Explosive Mass
(TNT equivalent) (g)
Ricochet
0% 50% 100%
M62 shell APCBC 792 7 1.2 14 63.7 48° 63° 71°
M42A1 shell HE 800 5.84 0 0.1 390 79° 80° 81°
M79 shot AP 792 6.8 N/A N/A N/A 47° 60° 65°
T95e1

Ammo racks

Ammo racks of the T55E1
Full
ammo
1st
rack empty
2nd
rack empty
3rd
rack empty
Visual
discrepancy
42 40 (+2) 37 (+5) 1 (+41) No

Usage in battles

You should use the T55 as a flanking vehicle or sniper at the beginning of the match. Your speed outclasses other vehicles and you can use it to get to a flanking position or a sniping point before anyone else. Then use your gun's excellent angles to aim at a place where you can see the enemy's side. As mentioned above, try to avoid MG fire and if you can. It is not recommended to shoot on the move as you will tend to miss your shots.

Pros and cons

Pros:

  • Low profile
  • Powerful 76 mm cannon
  • -10 degrees gun depression gives good capacity in hilly battlefields
  • Very high forward and reverse speed
  • Great off-road capabilities
  • Unparalleled mobility and acceleration

Cons:

  • No armour (even MGs can kill you)
  • No turret for the tank and cannot turn in place
  • Taking damage to one wheel can severely hamper performance
  • Doesn't turn very well
  • Narrow gun arc
  • Heads of crew members stick out of the vehicle - easy to knock out with machine guns

History

The T55 and T55E1 GMCs were given the nickname 'Cook Interceptor' due to them being designed by the Cook Brothers.
T55E1 GMC

The Cook Brothers Equipment Company designed an experimental 8x8 wheeled desert vehicle which a prototype of was completed by 1942, according to photographic evidence. The vehicle used a chain drive, and the wheels were set up in two 4x4 bogies, each with it's own engine. The desert vehicle was used as the basis of a wheeled tank destroyer after they received a contract from the US Army in August 1942. One prototype was built by the Allied Machinery Manufacturing Company and was called the T55 GMC (GMC standing for Gun Motor Carriage). The T55 had the front engine moved to the rear of the hull in order to fit the main armament, a 3 inch or 76.2 mm M7 gun, at the front of the hull. After initial testing of the T55 GMC in December 1942, the Cook Brothers were requested by the Army to design an improved version.

T55E1 GMC

The redesigned version of the T55 GMC was named the T55E1 GMC and it was basically a simplified version of the T55; both the T55 and T55E1 gained the unofficial nickname of 'Cook Interceptor', signifying their designers. The largest visual difference was a much lower profile. The T55E1 GMC retained the 76.2 mm M7 gun from the T55 GMC, which was mounted in the front of the hull; it was casemate mounted rather than turret mounted. The T55E1 was lighter than the T55 it was based on, and as such it had a significantly improved driving performance. Powered by two Cadillac engines at the rear, the maximum speed of the T55E1 was 80 kilometers per hour or 50 miles per hour.

The single T55E1 GMC prototype was completed in early 1943 and underwent testing at the desert proving grounds of Fort Irwin in California. In the same year the Army decided that all self-propelled gun designs would be based on tracked tank chasses rather than on wheeled chasses. As such the T55E1 GMC project was dropped and it never entered production.

Devblog

The American T55E1 wheeled tank destroyer was created on the chassis of an experimental all-terrain 8x8 vehicle. The Cook Brothers company received an order for the development of the project in August 1942, and in the fall, the first prototype, named the T55, was ready at the Allied Machinery Manufacturing facility. After the first tests, the military suggested that the designers modify the vehicle, since some issues appeared during the tests. So, at the beginning of 1943, the T55E1 appeared - a more densely assembled and improved version of a promising self-propelled gun.

The T55E1 role in combat was assumed as fire support of advancing infantry, while being able to operate on any type of surface. The T55E1 had no turret, and the massive 76 mm M7 gun was located on the front of the vehicle. This arrangement required the shifting of the power plant of two 110-horsepower engines to the vehicle’s rear. At the same time, the SPG received a low profile, sufficient traverse angles and excellent elevation angles. The upgraded T55E1, due to improved driving characteristics and a decrease in total weight, showed a speed of just over 50 mph (80 kph) in tests and good results in overcoming obstacles. At the same time in 1943, a special commission recommended that the army completely abandon the use of armoured wheeled vehicles in favor of tracked platforms, and the Cook Brothers project was closed. But we are sure that this curious tank destroyer will definitely find a place in War Thunder!

Media

Skins
Images
Videos
Battle Pass Vehicles discusses the T55E1 at 00:34 - War Thunder Official Channel
The Battle Bonk Tonk - T55E1 - JustinPlaysYT (Review starts at 1:15)

See also

Links to the articles on the War Thunder Wiki that you think will be useful for the reader, for example:

  • reference to the series of the vehicles;
  • links to approximate analogues of other nations and research trees.

External links

Paste links to sources and external resources, such as:

  • topic on the official game forum;
  • other literature.


What Do You Want With This Comment? Do You Want To Justify Why The Obj 120 Cannot Be Lifted? If GJ Has Not Completely Changed The T95E1, It Is Stil..

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T95e1 War Thunder

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