UTC stands for Coordinated Universal Time (in use)
EDT stands for Eastern Daylight Time (in use)
- Eastern Standard Time is 5 hours behind UTC. But Eastern Daylight Time is 4 hours behind UTC. So if you just subtract 5 hours, the time will be wrong during Daylight Saving Time. OP specifically pointed out 'Daylight savings is the biggest challenge here.' – Travesty3 Mar 5 at 16:00.
- Universal Time and Eastern Standard Time Converter Calculator, UTC and EST Conversion Table.
- See, what time is 8:00 UTC (Coordinated Universal Time) in your local time Sunrises & Sunsets Around The World COVID-19 Pandemic Longest Day 2021 Solar Eclipse June 2021 New York City, US Toronto, Canada London, UK North Pole Qaanaaq, Greenland Countdown to 2022 Earth Time Clock.
- The Eastern Time Zone is also known as Eastern Standard Time (EST) falls mostly along the east coast of North America. Its time offset is −5 hours (UTC/GMT -5) during standard time and −4 hours (UTC/GMT -4) during daylight saving time. The time in this zone is based on the mean solar time of the 75th meridian west of the Greenwich Observatory.
Friday, May 7, 2021
Atlantic Daylight Time (ADT). Eastern Daylight Time (EDT). Central Daylight Time (CDT). Mountain Daylight Time (MDT). Pacific Daylight Time (PDT). Alaska Daylight Time (AKDT). Hawaii Time. Arizona. Saskatoon. New York. Toronto. Mexico City. San Francisco. Chicago. Houston. Miami. Phoenix.
Est To Universal Time
Friday, May 7, 2021
|UTC (Coordinated Universal Time)||EDT (Eastern Daylight Time)|
UTC (Coordinated Universal Time)
Coordinated Universal Time(UTC) has no offset from Coordinated Universal(UTC) Time.
EDT (Eastern Daylight Time)
Eastern Daylight Time(EDT) is 04:00 hours behind Coordinated Universal(UTC) Time.This timezone is a Daylight Saving Time timezone and is used in: North America
Typical City of EDT (Eastern Daylight Time)
USA - New York (Summer)
Bahamas - Nassau (Summer)
Original KB number: 2642044
Although time may seem like a simple human concept that lets everyone across the globe receive a meeting request and then attend the meeting at the same time, the concept is actually very complex. This article describes how Microsoft Outlook 2010 and later versions achieve this goal by using a combination of items such as Coordinated Universal Time (UTC), time zone offset, daylight saving time (DST) rules, and Windows time zone settings.
Before we examine the details of how time zone normalization works in Outlook, it is important to define some important terms.
UTC signifies Coordinated Universal Time. Think of this as the true time on planet Earth that never changes (except for minor leap seconds here and there to account for changes in the planet's rotation).
For more information about UTC, see Coordinated Universal Time.
Time zone offset
Time zone offset is the time for your geographic region in relation to UTC. For example, the Pacific Time zone is 8 hours behind UTC. Therefore, if it is 8 P.M. UTC, the time in the Pacific Time zone is noon.
Daylight saving time rules
Daylight saving time rules are the rules by which certain regions seasonally change their time zone offset. These rules include both a start date and an end date for the DST period and also the number of hours for the time zone offset. For example, in the summer, the time in the Pacific Time Zone may be calculated as UTC ‒ 7 hours, whereas for the rest year, the time is calculated as UTC ‒ 8 hours.
Windows global time zone database
Windows stores all time zone and DST rules for the whole planet in the Windows global time zone database. The database is stored in the Windows registry under the following subkey:
HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINESOFTWAREMicrosoftWindows NTCurrentVersionTime Zones
Windows current time zone settings
Windows current time zone settings are the settings Windows is currently using to determine the time for your computer. Of all the rules in the Windows global time zone database, only one set of DST rules can be applied. The Windows current time stores the set of rules that is currently being used to calculate time on your computer.
The Windows current time zone settings are stored in the Windows registry under the following subkey:
Computer time is the actual time that is displayed by Windows, as seen in the following screenshot of the notification area.
If you select this part of the Windows notification area, an enhanced calendar and clock are displayed.
You can select Change date and time settings to examine the current time zone settings for your computer (Screenshot for this step is listed below).
How computer time is calculated
Computer time is calculated by taking UTC time, adding an offset that is based on the time zone configured for your computer, and then optionally adjusting the offset for daylight saving time (depending on the DST rules). The formula that is used to calculate computer time is as follows:
UTC + Time zone offset + DST offset
Be aware that this method represents how people have agreed to think about the concept of time. This method is a world standard, and it is how Microsoft implements time on your computer.
How Outlook handles time zone offset and DST rules in calendar items
It might seem like a simple task to make sure that two people who have the same meeting request attend the meeting at the same time. However, when you add scenarios in which time zones are changing with different daylight saving time rules, the calculation becomes complex.
To see how Outlook handles this situation, consider the following scenario:
The meeting organizer has the following Windows current time zone settings:
Pacific Time zone (UTC‒8; DST starts on March 13, 2011; DST ends on November 6, 2011)
The meeting attendee has the following Windows current time zone settings:
Eastern Time zone (UTC‒5; DST starts on March 13, 2011; DST ends on November 6, 2011)
The meeting organizer is creating a meeting on their calendar for November 20, 2011, at 7 A.M.
Step 1 - Organizer sends meeting request with time zone information
On the organizer's computer, the meeting in the request is created to start at 7 A.M.
On the organizer's computer, Outlook sends the meeting request. The request contains the following information in the message properties:
Meeting is at 3 P.M. UTC on November 20, 2011
My time zone is Pacific (UTC‒8)
DST starts on March 13, 2011, DST ends on November 6, 2011, and the offset is +1
After the meeting is created, the government mandates a new law according to which, in the Pacific Time Zone, DST starts on February 2, 2011, and ends on December 1, 2011. Because there are new time zone rules, and the appointment falls in the time period in which a new time zone rule is applied, normalization occurs (steps 2 and 3). This normalization is depicted in the following figure.
Converting GMT to PST This time zone converter lets you visually and very quickly convert GMT to PST and vice-versa. Simply mouse over the colored hour-tiles and glance at the hours selected by the column. GMT stands for Greenwich Mean Time. Greenwich Mean Time is 7 hours ahead of Pacific Daylight Time 12:30 pm 12:30 in GMT is 5:30 am 05:30 in PDT. GMT to PST call time Best time for a conference call or a meeting is between 4pm-6pm in GMT which corresponds to 8am-10am in PST. 12:30 pm 12:30 Greenwich Mean. Gmt pst converter.
Step 2 - Attendee's Outlook determines intended local time
On the attendee's computer, Outlook calculates the intended local time of the meeting based on the information that is included the meeting request:
Intended local time = UTC at meeting creation + offset for time zone + offset for DST at meeting creation
- UTC at meeting creation is 3 P.M. UTC
- Offset for creation time zone (Pacific) is ‒8
- Offset for DST for Pacific Time at meeting creation is 0
Intended local time = 3 P.M. UTC + (‒8 hours for time zone offset) + (0 hours for DST offset) = 7 A.M. Pacific Time
Step 3 - Attendee's Outlook determines normalized UTC time
Universal Time Converter
On the attendee's computer, Outlook normalizes the time of the meeting based on the Windows global time zone database on the attendee's computer to determine the UTC time.
UTC at meeting start = intended local time ‒ offset for time zone ‒ offset for DST
- Intended local time is 7 A.M. Pacific Time (based on the calculation in step 2)
- Offset for creation time zone (Pacific) is ‒8
- Offset for DST for Pacific Time at meeting start is +1
- UTC at meeting start = 7 A.M. intended local time ‒ (‒8 hours for time zone) ‒ (1 hour for DST)
UTC at meeting start = 7 A.M. + 8 hours ‒ 1 hour = 2 P.M. UTC
Step 4 - Attendee determines correct time for this appointment for the attendee's time settings
On the attendee's computer, Outlook converts UTC to the local computer time by using the Windows current time zone settings.
Local start time = UTC at meeting start + offset for local time zone + offset for DST at meeting start
- UTC at meeting start is 2 P.M. UTC (based on the calculation in step 3)
- Offset for local time zone (Eastern) is ‒5
- Offset for DST in Eastern Time at meeting start for local time zone is +1
Local start time = 2 P.M. UTC + (‒5 hours for time zone) + 1 hour for DST
This equates to 10 A.M. Eastern Time, attendee's local computer time, and this is the time for which the meeting is scheduled on the attendee's calendar.
Universal Time Converter To Eastern Time
One core issue is that if you do not select Automatically adjust clock for Daylight Saving Time on the attendee's computer, there can be a mismatch in the UTC offset (off by one hour) between the time zone rules in the Windows global time zone database and the Windows current time zone settings. To select Automatically adjust clock for Daylight Saving Time, select Change time zone in the Date and Time dialog box to display the Time Zone Settings dialog box (Screen shot for this step is listed below).
Convert Universal Time To Eastern Time C#
For more information about how to manage daylight saving time and time zone configurations and updates, see Daylight Saving Time Help and Support Center.